Original paper: J. E. O’Doherty*, S. Shokur *, L. E. Medina, M. A. Lebedev, M. A. L. Nicolelis. Creating a neuroprosthesis for active tactile exploration of textures (2019). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1908008116
Sensory neuroprostheses offer the promise of restoring perceptual function to people with impaired sensation , . In such devices, diminished sensory modalities (e.g., hearing , vision , , or cutaneous touch –) are reenacted through streams of artificial input to the nervous system, typically using electrical stimulation of nerve fibers in the periphery  or neurons in the central nervous system . Restored cutaneous touch, in particular, would be of great benefit for the users of upper-limb prostheses, who place a high priority on the ability to perform functions without the necessity to constantly engage visual attention . This could be achieved through the addition of artificial somatosensory channels to the prosthetic device .